Vocal cord nodules, polyps, and cysts are a group of benign (non-cancerous) lesions on the vocal cords that can lead to voice changes or hoarseness. Often these lesions arise in patients with high vocal demands or voice overuse. Nodules are similar to calluses that form on the vocal cords, typically involving both vocal cords. These can arise in any age group, often presenting in children and adults. Vocal cord polyps are typically unilateral or involving one vocal cord, and can vary in appearance. Vocal cord cysts are a firm mass of tissue that like polyps are often unilateral and can affect different areas of the vocal cord. Treatments for the above conditions range from voice therapy, lifestyle changes, and surgery.